The Albright knot, also known as the Albright special, was invented by the late Jimmy Albright back in the 1950s. A tarpon guide in Florida, Jimmy’s creation helped change the sport of trophy saltwater fishing.
The knot is standard use for anglers who pursue International Game Fish Association line-class Records.
The knot is used to connect two lines of varying diameters or materials. It is popular in fly fishing and is primarily used to connect the fly line to the backing on your reel.
Some fishermen prefer this knot so much that they will cut off the factory-made loop in the fly line just to use the Albright.
This knot is favored because of its strength, durability, and how easily it moves through the guides of your rod when a fish is taking line.
This is a reasonably simple knot to tie, and one that can be extremely useful if you want to connect lighter and less visible line to heavier, stronger line, such as monofilament to braid.
Take the lighter line and run 10 inches through the loop.
Hold the lines with your index finger and thumb. Then wrap the line back over itself and both strands of the loop.
Make 10 tightly wrapped turns.
Run the tag end back through the loop and then exit in the same spot you entered.
Hold both ends of the heavy line and slide the wraps to the end of the loop.
Pull the light line to tighten and then clip the end close to the knot.
Trim up an excess line to ensure no line can get hung up on the guides.
Albright Knot Variations
Improved Albright Knot
The Improved Albright is used primarily for connecting braid to monofilament or lines of two varying diameters. Some anglers have found the Improved Albright to be stronger and easier to tie than its counterpart.
The reason for this is that there are some extra wraps passed around the leader that does not allow the thinner main line to slip.
How to tie the Improved Albright
Create a loop in your leader and pass your tippet through.
After you loop in the leader make sure the tag end of the leader is parallel with the main leader line.
Wrap your tippet 10 times around the main line and parallel line.
Bring your tippet back through the loop and wrap it around the leader and tippet 10 times.
Moisten the knot and then pull on the ends to tighten.
Cut off any excess line.
Modified Albright Knot
Also known as the Alberto Knot, this is primarily used to connect braid to fluorocarbon or mono leader. It works best when used to join two lines made of different materials and diameters.
How to tie a Modified Albright Knot
Create a loop in your fluorocarbon leader.
Ensure the tag end of your leader has a few inches in it and make it parallel with the main line.
Thread your braid through the loop created and wrap it around the main line and tag end seven times.
Then wrap it seven times in the opposite direction.
Pass it back through the leader loop and then tighten both ends.
Trim off any excess line.
The Nail Knot
Along with the Albright, Jimmy also created the nail knot. This is also widely popular with fly fisherman and is generally used to connect the fly line to the leader, or leader to the tippet.
It’s perfect for connecting two lines of varying diameters. Originally, a nail was used as a guide in making the knot, hence the name. However, you can easily replace the nail with a needle, tube, or a straw. This makes tying the knot easier.
How to tie the Nail Knot
Hold the ends of both lines, with the tube in between and make 5 turns with the leader.
After the sixth turn, insert the leader into the tube.
Pull it out the other end, and remove the tube by sliding down.
Pull both ends to tighten the knot.
Cut off any excess line.
The nail knot is great for connecting fluorocarbon lines. However, an issue that can arise is that this knot is difficult to replace, especially in low light conditions.
Usually, both lines will need to be cut and then retied. You don’t need a tool to tie this knot but it can be helpful, especially for the beginner.
The Blood Knot
The blood knot is meant to join two fishing lines of different sizes together, popularly used to combine tippet to leader. It is an extremely versatile and strong knot that can connect braid to braid, braid to mono, mono to mono, and braid to fluorocarbon.
Make sure that all loose ends have been trimmed once the knot is complete. If not, the excess can get caught and hung up on the guides of your rod, causing lost fish and improper casting.
You can also tie a “half-blood knot”, which is used to attach line to fishing hooks, swivels or on lures.
How to tie the Blood Knot
Take your leader and create a right angle at the tag end.
Grab your tippet and wrap it around your leader five times beginning just in front of the right angle.
Pass the tippet through the center loop that was formed.
Wrap the leader around the tippet five times.
Pass the leader through the center loop, the same loop you ran the tippet through.
Pull the tag ends of the line to tighten.
Trim any excess line to ensure it does not get snagged on the guides of the rod.
All of the mentioned knots are extremely useful, and every fisherman should have at least one or two of these in their knot tying arsenal. If you don’t have enough time to sit down and learn how to tie, then carrying a tying guide with you is the perfect way to learn as you go.